Gilded funerary mask, Dyn. 20

Gilded funerary mask, Dyn. 20
Period:Egypt, New Kingdom, Dynasty 20
Dating:1185 BC–1070 BC
Material:Cartonnage (all types)
Physical:34cm. (13.3 in.) - 190 g. (6.7 oz.)

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Links to others from Dynasty 20

Aegis-Menat of Tefnut and Shu, Dyn. 20
Amulet of Ptah-Sokar, Dyn. 20-21
Basalt hawk-headed god Khonsu, Dyn. 20
Bronze statuette of Anhur, Dyn. 20
Bronze statuette of Sakhmet, Dyn. 20
Cartonnage with Isis, New Kingdom
Crude pottery shawabti, Late Dyn. 20
Crude pottery shawabti, Late Dyn. 20
Large amulet of Pataikos, Dyn. 20
Mummy cartonnage, New Kingdom
Priest of Hapy, temple of Aswan, Dyn. 20
Ptah-Min of Memphis, Dyn. 20
Ruling king as Khonsu, Dyn. 20
Shawabti of Hor-Te-Ha, early Dyn. 20
Shawabti of the prophet of Amen, Dyn. 20
Unidentified king as Khnum, Dyn. 20

Links to others of type Mask

Gilded mummy mask of a queen, Dyn. 21
  This gilded cartonnage funerary mask, which was laid upon the mummy, was made for a lady of the royal family in the New Kingdom. This cartonnage is made of four different pieces.

“As early as the eleventh Dynasty the funerary masks on some mummies were extended so that the whole body came to be enveloped in a figure-hugging cover. During the Middle Kingdom anthropoids coffins were usually of cartonnage rather than wood… gilded in the case of royalty” (Andrews 1984).

This mummy cartonnage set is cataloged here as follows:
number 558
number 552
number 551
number 550

Cartonnage was a material used in the production of personal funerary ornamentation (masks, pectorals, foot casings, and sometimes whole coffins).

It was made with several layers of linen glued together and shaped in a mold. The resulting shell was usually coated on one side with gesso (a mixture of glue and whiting plaster). This smooth medium was well suited to detailed painting and gold leafing.

Although earlier examples are known, it is around Dynasty 18 that cartonnage became a material of choice, and it remained a popular medium though the roman period. In later times, the linen layers were sometimes replaced with recycled papyrus documents. Many of the papyri currently studied by Egyptologists were recovered from cartonnage.

Bibliography (for this item)

Andrews, Carol
1984 Egyptian Mummies. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Khalil, Hassan M.
1976 Preliminary Studies on the Sanusret Collection. Manuscript, Musée l’Egypte et le Monde Antique, Monaco-Ville, Monaco. ((III) 365- 373)

Bibliography (on Cartonnage)

Duke University,
1991 Duke Papyrus Archive., Durham, NC.

Lucas, A., and J.R. Harris
1999 Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries (unabridged republication of the 1962 fourth edition by Edward Arnold Publishers). Dover Publications, New York, NY.

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